Type II Diabetes Specialist

William Lee Harris, M.D.

Family Medicine & Geriatrics located in Charleston, WV

When you have type 2 diabetes, it’s essential to manage your condition closely with a doctor you can trust. Dr. William Harris, MD, is an experienced family physician and geriatrician providing personalized healthcare to the Charleston area of West Virginia. If you are looking for a dedicated physician to provide regular and continuous medical care where you come first, you should schedule an appointment with Dr. Harris. Same-day appointments are available. He also services the communities of South Charleston, Cross Lanes, Saint Albans, Huntington, Vienna, Summersville, Madison, Clay, Sutton, Fayetteville, Logan, WV.

Type II Diabetes Q & A

What is type II diabetes?

Previously known as adult-onset diabetes, type II diabetes is a condition that occurs when your body doesn’t process sugar correctly.

Blood sugar, also known as glucose, is your body’s primary source of energy. Insulin, a hormone produced in your pancreas, regulates your glucose. When you have type II diabetes, your pancreas has problems making enough insulin, or it doesn’t use the insulin appropriately.

Type II is the most common type of diabetes.

What are the symptoms of type II diabetes?

Unlike other types of diabetes, type II symptoms usually develop slowly and often include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss
  • Blurred vision
  • Slower healing
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger and thirst

You might also notice acanthosis nigricans, a condition that darkens creases in your skin. This discoloration is especially common in the underarms and neck.

Who is at risk of developing type II diabetes?

The exact cause of type II diabetes may be unknown, but several factors can increase your risk of developing the condition:

  • Family history
  • Being overweight
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Being over 45 years of age

Your risk of developing type II diabetes is also higher if you’re Hispanic, American Indian, African American, Asian American, or Pacific Islander.

Why is it important to manage type II diabetes?

When left unmanaged, type II diabetes can negatively impact many of your major organs, including your heart, nerves, blood vessels, and kidneys. There are multiple health complications associated with unmanaged type II diabetes.

  • Cardiovascular problems: Stroke, heart attack, and high blood pressure
  • Nerve damage: Tingling, pain, numbness, or loss of feeling in your limbs
  • Renal damage: Irreversible kidney disease and failure
  • Vision issues: Cataracts, glaucoma, and blindness

Type II diabetes also increases your risk of hearing impairments, skin conditions, and amputation in your legs and feet due to poor circulation.

How is type II  diabetes treated?

In many cases, you can manage type II diabetes through diet and exercise, but Dr. Harris works with you to determine if medication or insulin therapy is needed. 

To reduce your risk of developing type II diabetes, Dr. Harris might recommend regular exercise for a minimum of 30 minutes each day, foods that are low in fat and calories but high in fiber, and weight loss strategies if you’re overweight or obese.

To get help managing your type II diabetes, call William L. Harris, MD to schedule an appointment. Same day appointments are available!